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当前位置: 首页 > 柑橘树管理 > 贮藏加工技术 > 正文

关于柑橘的防腐涂料保鲜技术的两种方法

时间:15-08-15来源:网络 作者:佚名 收藏
防腐涂料经浸泡、喷布或涂抹于柑橘果面,能形成一层薄膜,起保护和阻隔气体交换的作用,能降低果实呼吸强度,减少水分蒸发和抑制微生物的感染侵害,从而达到保鲜、减少腐烂和延长贮藏期的目的. 

  防腐涂料的使用有手工和机械两种方法。 

  ①手工涂果:用一个300cm长、60cm宽、高20cm的木槽,槽内垫2~30cm厚的泡沫塑料,以防倒果时碰击木板造成柑橘机械损伤,同时也可用来吸足涂液。每次向槽内倒进25~30kg柑橘。用喷雾器将混合药液(用量为果重的0.1%~0.15%)喷在槽内的柑橘上,同时使木槽倾斜20度左右,用蘸有适量药液的毛巾或海绵均匀涂抹果实,边抹边将果实徐徐推向下方的木槽缺口末端,使柑橘滚入木箱内。平均每人每天可涂果1500多kg。 

  ②机械涂果:用南京林产化工研究所提供的机械涂果机自动涂果,每小时可涂10吨左右。涂蜡要注意均匀,不能在果皮上积存蜡液,以免干后结成褐色硬块,影响果实外观。虫胶涂料一般只用于短期贮藏保鲜,或用以延长架期,贮藏期一般不超过3个月。涂蜡应在采收后的3天内进行。   

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